In general, the 5-paragraph essay is regarded as the typical essay writing task. This type of essay is utilized in the majority of well-established examinations, like TOEFL, IELTS or SAT.
Seeing as in the majority of such examinations you need to stick to a time limit when it comes to finishing the “Writing” part, it’s advisable to learn the structure of the 5-paragraph essay by heart. This way, you’ll be able to complete the exam swiftly and efficiently. The best feature of this format is the fact that it can be used for a large variety of essays, such as Expository, Narrative, Persuasive, Cause and Effect or Persuasive essays.
5-Paragraph Essay Subject Examples
Here are a few of the most recurrent subjects on which students write 5-paragraph essays:
- Is an individual able to memorize a life lesson from an event they weren’t part of?
- Is one able to learn from the errors of other individuals?
- Is it moral to conduct experiments on animals?
- Should homosexual matrimony be legalized?
- Should the legislation on firearms become harsher?
- Should the capital punishment be fully eliminated?
- Should cannabis become legal?
- Should all students benefit from free-of-charge education?
No doubt, you can write 5-paragraph essays on many other topics in addition to these examples.
The Structure of a 5-Paragraph Essay
Introduction: 3 to 5 Phrases
The introduction is the section which lays down the outline of the entire essay. The initial phase represents the HOOK sentence.
- The Hook Sentence has the purpose of catching the reader’s interest.
- In general, the Hook Sentence is a rhetorical one. Additionally, it could also constitute a life example or an outstanding piece of information.
- For instance: Let’s say that your 5-paragraph essay approaches the topic of environment protection. In that case, you can come up with a sentence like: “Is it normal to live in a world of barren lands and waste?”
The question above is a rhetorical one. This means that no one expects a response, as the answer is evident.
Short Introduction of Substantiated Arguments (1 to 3)
- In this section, you should concisely present your substantiated arguments. The key is to avoid disclosing an excessive amount of information.
- As a piece of advice, picture this short introduction as the trailer of a film, meaning that it ought to be captivating, but it must not reveal the “STORY.”
- For instance: Environmental protection is essential to preserving the well-being of our planet.
- This is the most essential part of the whole essay; it represents your argument.
- The argument will serve as the premise of the entire paper.
- Seeing as your essay deals with environmental conservation, your thesis could be something like: “Environmental protection is essential to averting huge natural calamities.”
- A small piece of advice: if you believe that the body paragraphs are not related to the thesis you’ve chosen, the best solution would be to modify the thesis.
The Three Body Paragraphs: 5 to 7 Phrases
- This represents the “bulk” of your paper. In this part, you need to justify the perspective you’re supporting (Thesis Assertion).
- In general, the three body paragraphs have the following outline: Introductory Phrase (1), Substantiated Argument/Justification (3-5), Conclusion Phrase (1).
- The Introductory Phrase must concisely present your argument. It shouldn’t disclose too much. For instance, you could say something like: “Disforestation and atmosphere contamination affect the characteristics of the atmosphere and intensify the probability of illness in addition to damaging our planet!”
- Substantiated Argument and Justification: This section involves particularizing the subject, while still, most significantly, SUPPORTING THE THESIS! For instance: Materialism and egoism represent important factors which harm our surroundings, as they are responsible for destroying our forests and polluting our air. While initially a couple of people may benefit from this, in the long run, these factors are dangerous to the entire population. For instance, in Beijing, the atmosphere quality is so low that people are obliged to use masks to be allowed to move around the city.
- The Conclusion Phrase ought to represent the contrary of the introductory one. Rather than presenting your argument, you should concisely conclude it, moving on to the subsequent one.
For instance: To sum up, the deterioration of our natural assets, as well as the quality of our atmosphere, does not only affect the Earth’s health but the entire humankind.
KEEP IN MIND THAT ALL 3 BODY PARAGRAPHS MUST HAVE THE SAME STRUCTURE!
The arguments you offer ought to be presented in the following order:
- The first body paragraph ought to include your second most powerful argument
- The second body paragraph ought to describe your poorest argument
- The third body paragraph ought to present your most powerful argument
To have a better idea of the structure of a 5-paragraph essay, take a look at the following table:
3 Substantiated Notions (A, B, D)
|Present and sustain your first substantiated notion using 3 proofs.
|Present and sustain your second substantiated notion using 3 proofs.
|Present and sustain your third substantiated notion using 3 proofs.
|Reiterate Thesis Assertion
Provide a summary of the 3 fundamental substantiated notions (A, B, D)
General Conclusion Phrase
Conclusion (3 to 5 Phrases): This must reflect your introduction
- Reiterate Your Thesis (Phrase 1): You must reiterate your primary argument (thesis) in a straightforward manner. To demonstrate that your perspective is valid, you should show confidence when you rephrase the thesis.
- For instance: The security and endurance of our planet are highly reliant on the manner in which we choose to behave towards it, and the more attentively we stimulate the procedure, the more we will profit from it.
- Providing conclusions for your substantiated arguments (1 to 3 Phrases): This part involves paraphrasing the central ideas of your arguments in a single phrase per paragraph.
- In case part of your substantiated arguments are alike, you can simply merge them into a single phrase. This way, you’ll preserve an adequate organization.
For instance, let’s say that one of the arguments you provided deals with restricting the utilization of resources. In that case, you can write something like “Restricting the utilization of our natural assets and enhancing their performance represent essential methods of strengthening the health of the Earth.”
Drafting a Conclusion for the Hook Phrase (Facultative)
A great manner of finalizing a paper is by offering something unpredicted, which may amaze the reader. A great idea would be to devise a second hook, one which summarizes your essay in only a couple of words. Ideally, create a rhetorical question.
For instance: “The soundness of the Earth is highly significant, and in the end, we don’t want to turn our planet into a desert, don’t we?”
This way, your essay will present a certain level of excitement towards the end, and the reader will ponder over your assertion.
Traditional Grading Criteria
Different educational establishments from all over the globe utilize different rules. Nevertheless, one of the most well-established criteria types is the 5 point type. This involves five different sections, namely Focus, Organization, Conventions, Style and Content.
- Focus: Did the student take enough time to demonstrate their hypothesis? Did they meet this target?
- Organization: Did the essay have a fluent style? Did the student move from one paragraph to the other in a steady manner? Did they stick to the adequate structure without deviating from it?
- Conventions: Was the paper written using good grammar? Were the phrases too long?
- Style: Did the student utilize high-quality lexicon? Did they repeat words too often? Were the phrase structures original enough?
- Content: Did the student succeed in demonstrating their argument? Did they include coherent and accurate assertions? Did they come up with powerful arguments?
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